Title: Experimental Investigation of CFRP Prestressed Concrete Beams
Author(s): Yasir M. Saeed and Franz N. Rad
Publication: Symposium Paper
Appears on pages(s): 101-121
Keywords: Beams, CFRP, Flexure, FRP Anchors, Prestressed Concrete, Pre-tensioned Concrete
This paper presents the experimental investigation of concrete beams pre-tensioned with Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) strands. Four rectangular prestressed concrete beams were fabricated and tested under cyclic loading, and then the beams were loaded monotonically until failure. All beams were prestressed with one 0.5-in. diameter (13 mm) CFRP strand. The results showed that bond failure between CFRP strands and surrounding concrete was the main cause of early and brittle failures. Adding extra steel stirrups improved the slippage resistance capacity but was not adequate to prevent slippage at higher loads. A new technique was developed and used by anchoring the CFRP strand at the ends using a steel-tube anchorage system. The new technique prevented the slippage and improved the flexural moment capacity by 39%. An analytical computer model was created to predict the load vs. deflection responses of the beams. The behavior of beams with CFRP strands were compared to beams with steel strands using the same computer program. It was found that CFRP beams had more flexural strength but lower ductility if both beams were designed to carry the same service loads.