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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development and distribution of consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Analysis-Oriented Stress-Strain Model for Concrete Confined with Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Spirals
Author(s): Thomas A. Hales, Chris P. Pantelides, Priyank Sankholkar, and Lawrence D. Reaveley
Publication: Structural Journal
Appears on pages(s): 1263-1272
Keywords: axial loads; concrete columns; confinement model; fiber-reinforced polymer; glass fibers; spiral; stress-strain
Abstract:Considerable research has been conducted for confinement of
reinforced concrete (RC) columns with external fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) jackets. Research is limited with respect to concrete confinement using internal FRP spirals. Concrete columns internally reinforced with FRP spirals and longitudinal bars have advantages because FRP composite materials are not susceptible to corrosion. This is a desirable alternative for coastal structures and structures subjected to severe environmental conditions, which deteriorate with time due to corrosion of steel reinforcement. Existing models for concrete confined with steel spirals cannot represent the behavior of FRP-confined concrete adequately because they are based on a constant confining stress. FRP composites behave in a linear elastic manner with confining stress increasing continuously until failure. An analytical confinement model has been developed and is proposed for describing the axial strength and stress-strain relationship of FRP-spiral-confined circular columns based on plasticity and the Popovics’ concrete model. FRP spirals have a lower modulus of elasticity compared to steel spirals and, hence, a larger bar diameter and smaller pitch is required for satisfactory performance. The proposed model, developed based on triaxial behavior of concrete, provides an accurate representation of FRP-spiral-confined concrete in axial compression experiments for a wide range of confining stress and could be used in analysis and design.
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