Title: Performance of Full-Scale Self-Consolidating Rubberized Concrete Beams in Flexure
Author(s): Mohamed K. Ismail and Assem A. A. Hassan
Publication: Materials Journal
Appears on pages(s): 207-218
Keywords: beam(s); cracking behavior; crumb rubber; deflection characteristics; flexure capacity; reinforced concrete; self-consolidating concrete
This research investigated the performance of full-scale self-consolidating rubberized concrete (SCRC) and vibrated rubberized concrete (VRC) beams in flexure. The beam mixtures were developed with a maximum possible percentage of crumb rubber (CR) (0 to 50% by volume of sand) while maintaining acceptable fresh properties and minimum strength reduction. The mixture variables included different binder contents, the addition of metakaolin, and the use of air entrainment. The performance of the tested beams was evaluated based on load-deflection response, concrete strain/stiffness, cracking behavior, first crack load, ultimate load, ductility, and toughness. In general, increasing the CR content decreased the mechanical properties, first crack load, stiffness, and self-weight of all SCRC and VRC beams. However, using up to 10% CR enhanced the deformation capacity, ductility, and toughness of tested beams without affecting the flexural capacity. This improvement in the deformation capacity, ductility, and toughness appeared to continue up to 20% CR (but with a slight reduction of the flexural capacity) and then reduced with further increases in the CR content. The results also indicated that although it was possible to produce VRC beams with higher percentages of CR (50% compared to 40% in SCRC), this increased percentage only gave VRC beams an advantage in terms of self-weight reduction, while it had a limited contribution in enhancing the structural performance of the beams.