Translated Articles

Volunteers from ACI’s international chapters and international partner associations have translated CI articles into several languages. This activity helps advance the mission of ACI by further disseminating knowledge of concrete technology around the world.




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Scotland’s first design museum, the V&A Dundee in Dundee, Scotland, was opened in September 2018. The three-story building is shaped like two inverted pyramids and has exterior walls that twist both horizontally and vertically. The striated façade comprises 2429 precast concrete panels and invokes images of the cliffs of the Scottish coastline. The building is a hybrid structure of concrete and steelwork with reinforced concrete walls and structural steel floor and roof structures.

Available in the following language(s): Spanish

There is a growing worldwide trend of making concrete more environmentally friendly. The article lists notable initiatives taken by some leading professional and manufacturing organizations in relation to developing criteria for characterizing the “greenness” of concrete. Further, the article provides a review of the current status of the concrete industry in India and recent pilot-scale efforts toward evolving and implementing green product certification in this country.

Available in the following language(s): Spanish

Uniformly dispersed, hollow-core polymeric microspheres can protect concrete from freezing-and-thawing damage. However, issues with handling and delivery of this material have prevented its widespread use. The article presents test data that show the effectiveness of a new method of delivering such microspheres into concrete. The method is based on a microsphere-powder blend that minimizes particle agglomeration and eases handling and delivery of the microspheres into concrete mixtures.

Available in the following language(s): Spanish

Q: Last winter, we placed concrete grade beams for an industrial building. A technician from the owner’s testing agency took test cylinders but left them unprotected in the cold weather for a week. At 28 days, the average cylinder compressive strength was 2750 psi. Because this was far below the specified fc of 6000 psi, the engineer required three cores to be taken to evaluate the in-place concrete strength. The individual core compressive strengths were 4940, 4970, and 5370 psi, resulting in an average strength of 5090 psi (84.8% of fc). The engineer rejected the concrete on the basis that the ACI 318-19 Code1 requires the average core strength to equal 85% of the specified strength. In this case, 0.85 fc = 5100 psi, so isn’t the average core strength of 5090 psi close enough?

Available in the following language(s): Spanish

The American Concrete Institute showcases the contributions and efforts of its global membership and the concrete industry worldwide through its varied honors and awards program.

Available in the following language(s): Spanish

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