cold weather Topic

Cold Weather

Definition: a period when the average daily ambient temperature is below 40°F (5°C) for more than 3 successive days.
Note: The average daily temperature is the average of the highest and lowest temperature during the period from midnight to midnight. When temperatures above 50°F (10°C) occur during more than half of any 24-hour duration, the period shall no longer be regarded as cold weather.- ACI Concrete Terminology


Cold weather exists when the air temperature has fallen to, or is expected to fall, below 40°F (5°C) during the protection period. The protection period is defined as the time required to prevent concrete from being affected by exposure to cold weather. Concrete placed during cold weather will develop sufficient strength and durability to satisfy the intended service requirements when it is properly produced, placed, and protected. The necessary degree of protection increases as the ambient temperature decreases. The objectives of cold weather concreting practices are to prevent damage to concrete due to freezing at early ages, ensure that the concrete develops the required strength for safe removal of forms, maintain curing conditions that foster normal strength development, limit rapid temperature changes, and provide protection consistent with the intended serviceability of the structure.

JOURNAL Articles ON COLD WEATHER

Chemical versus Physical Acceleration of Cement Hydration

Publication: Concrete International
Date: 11/1/2016

Concrete Q & A: Cold Weather Cylinder Protection

Publication: Concrete International
Date: 2/1/2016

Cold Weather Concreting Strategies

Publication: Concrete International
Date: 5/1/2014

How Does a Cold Reinforcing Bar Affect Fresh Concrete?

Publication: Concrete International
Date: 4/1/2014

Field Performance of Portland Cement Pervious Concrete Pavement in Cold Weather Climates

Publication: Special Publication
Date: 12/27/2011

Performance Evaluation and Maintenance of Concrete Bridges in Cold Regions

Publication: Special Publication
Date: 3/1/2011

Concrete Q & A: Does Curing Time or Strength Control in Cold Weather?

Publication: Concrete International
Date: 12/1/2010

Concrete Q & A: Cylinder Size and Strength Tests

Publication: Concrete International
Date: 6/1/2010

Concrete Q & A: Cold Weather Effects

Publication: Concrete International
Date: 4/1/2010

Cold Weather Foundation Construction for Sakhalin II

Publication: Concrete International
Date: 7/1/2009

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