440R-96: Report on Fiber Reinforced Plastic Reinforcement for Concrete Structures (Reapproved 2002)

440R-96: Report on Fiber Reinforced Plastic Reinforcement for Concrete Structures (Reapproved 2002)

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Description

The use of FRP as reinforcement for Concrete Structures has been growing rapidly. This report summarizes the state of knowledge on these materials. In addition to the material properties of the constituents, i.e. resins and fibers, design philosophies for reinforced and prestressed elements are discussed. When the available data warrants, flexure, shear and bond behavior, and serviceability of the members has been examined. Strengthening of existing structures with FRPs and field applications of these materials are also presented.

 

Document Details

Author: ACI Committee 440

Publication Year: 2017

Pages: 68

ISBN: 9780870311727

Formats: PDF

This document is Historical

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 - Introduction and History

1.1 - Introduction

1.2 - History of the U.S. pultrusion industry

1.3 - Evolution of FRP reinforcement in the U.S.A.

1.4 - FRP materials

Chapter 2 - FRP Composites: An Overview of Constituent Materials

2.1 - Introduction

2.2 - The importance of the polymer matrix

2.3 - Introduction to matrix polymers

2.4 - Polyester resins

2.5 - Epoxy resins

2.6 - Processing considerations associated with polymer

matrix resins

2.7 - Structural considerations in processing polymer

matrix resins

2.8 - Reinforcing fibers for structural composites

2.9 - Glass fibers

2.10 - Carbon fibers

2.11 - Aramid fibers

2.12 - Other organic fibers

2.13 - Hybrid reinforcements

2.14 - Processes for structural moldings

2.15 - Summary

Chapter 3 - Mechanical Properties and Test Methods

3.1 - Physical and mechanical properties

3.2 - Factors affecting mechanical properties

3.3 - Gripping mechanisms

3.4 - Theoretical modeling of GFRP bars

3.5 - Test methods

Chapter 4 - Design guidelines

4.1 - Fundamental design philosophy

4.2 - Ductitility

4.3 - Constitutive behavior and material properties

4.4 - Design of bonded FRP reinforced members

4.5 - Unbonded reinforcement

4.6 - Bonded plate reinforcement

4.7 - Shear design

Chapter 5 - Behavior of Structural Elements

5.1 - Strength of beams and slabs reinforced with FRP

5.2 - Serviceability

5.3 - RP tie connectors for sandwich walls

Chapter 6 - Prestressed Concrete Elements

6.1 - Strength of FRP prestressed concrete beams

6.2 - Strength of FRP post-tensioned concrete beams

Chapter 7 - External Reinforcement

7.1 - Strength of FRP post-reinforced beams

7.2 - Wrapping

7.3 - External unbonded prestressing

Chapter 8 - Field Applications

8.1 - Reinforced concrete structures

8.2 - Pre- and post-tensioned concrete structures

8.3 - Strengthening of concrete structures

Chapter 9 - Research Needs

9.1 - Materials behavior

9.2 - Behavior of concrete members

9.3 - Design guidelines

Chapter 10 - References

Appendix A: Terminology

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