130R-19: Report on the Role of Materials in Sustainable Concrete Construction

130R-19: Report on the Role of Materials in Sustainable Concrete Construction

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Description

Concrete has general properties, including versatility, resilience, durability, and relatively low cost, that make it the most widely used building material in the world. Architects, engineers, researchers, and concrete practitioners have immeasurable opportunities to incorporate sustainable development into their selection of materials for the manufacture of concrete. The immediate and direct connection between sustainable development and concrete materials includes efficient use of materials (conservation, substitution, reuse, repurposing, and recycling), materials life-cycle assessment, replacement materials (scarcity, resource availability, and materials economics), energy (materials to support alternative energy technologies, to mitigate problems with fossil-fuel technologies, and to increase energy efficiency), mitigation of undesirable environmental impacts from technology and economic growth (corrosion, pollution, and toxic waste), and water purification. Information is presented to assist in the development of practical knowledge and selection of materials used in concrete manufacture.

Keywords: admixtures; aggregates; blended cement; non-portland binders; portland cement; recycled aggregates; reinforcing steel; supplementary cementitious materials; waste reduction; water.

 

Document Details

Author: ACI Committee 130

Pages: 34

ISBN: 9781641950480

Categories: Sustainability

Formats: Printed Document or PDF

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1—INTRODUCTION AND SCOPE

1.1—Introduction

1.2—Scope

CHAPTER 2—DEFINITIONS

CHAPTER 3—CEMENTITIOUS MATERIALS

3.1—Portland cement

3.2—Blended hydraulic cement

3.3—Supplementary cementitious materials

3.4—Non-portland cement binders

CHAPTER 4—AGGREGATES AND FILLERS

4.1—Introduction

4.2—Natural sand and gravel

4.3—Crushed stone

4.4—Lightweight aggregates

4.5—Recycled/reused aggregates

4.6—Mineral filler

CHAPTER 5—CHEMICAL ADMIXTURES AND ADDITIVES

5.1—Overview

5.2—Materials used in admixture formulations

5.3—Environmental impact

5.4—Sustainable benefits of chemical admixtures

5.5—Reducing concrete waste

CHAPTER 6—WATER

6.1—Overview

6.2—Standards for water in concrete mixtures

6.3—Strategies for reducing consumption of potable water in production of concrete

6.4—Summary

CHAPTER 7—REINFORCEMENT

7.1—Introduction

7.2—Steel reinforcement

7.3—Steel reinforcing bars

7.4—Welded-wire reinforcement

7.5—Fiber reinforcement

7.6—Nonferrous reinforcement

CHAPTER 8—CONCLUSION

CHAPTER 9—REFERENCES

Authored documents

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