Strength Reduction Factors for Flexural Design of Concrete Beams Prestressed with Fiber-Reinforced Plastic Tendons
Appears on pages(s):
beam; concrete; ductility; reinforcement; tendon
Current codes of reinforced concrete design, mainly concerned with ductile steel reinforcements, do not yet address the use of brittle FRP (Fiber Reinforced Plastic) tendons. In order to use them more frequently in structural applications in industry, reliable design methods and code coefficients should be established, taking into account the material properties. This paper discusses the flexural design of concrete beams prestressed with FRP tendons with emphasis on the strength reduction factors in the USD (Ultimate Strength Design Method). According to the code requirements, the reduction factor should consider the degree of ductility. New reduction factors for the flexural design are recommended based on a reliability analysis, in which the target reliability indices have been set in due consideration of the ductility. The recommended factors range from 0.7 to 0.9 depending upon the degree of ductility. The factors are lower than that (=0.9) of beams with steel reinforcements, allowing for the possible lack of ductility in beams with FRP tendons.