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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Influence of Silane-Based Hydrophobic Admixture on Oxygen Diffusion Through Concrete Cement Matrix
Author(s): F. Tittarelli, G. Moriconi, and R. Fratesi
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 431-446
Keywords: admixture; cement (hydrophobic); concrete
Abstract:The oxygen diffusion coefficient through hydrophobic cement-based materials fully immersed in water was determined by potentiostatic measurements on concrete and by the use of a diffusion cell on cement pastes and mortars. The results obtained show that very high oxygen diffusion occurs through cement paste, mortar and concrete made with hydrophobic admixture as opposed to negligible diffusion through the reference cement matrix without admixture. Moreover, the oxygen diffusion coefficients measured through hydrophobic cement matrices immersed in water were comparable with those reported in literature for unsaturated cement materials in air. These experimental results appear to confirm that oxygen dissolved in water directly diffuses as a gaseous phase through the empty pores of a hydrophobic cement matrix. This could explain the severe corrosion of steel reinforcement embedded in cracked hydrophobic concrete immersed in an aqueous chloride solution observed in a previous work.
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