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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Creep and Shrinkage of High-Strength Concrete at Early and Normal Ages
Author(s): N. Han and J. C. Walraven
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 73-94
Keywords: aggregates; creep properties; high-strength concretes; shrinkage; silica fume; stiffness; strength; stresses; Materials Research
Abstract:Presents the results of an ongoing experimental research program on creep and shrinkage behavior of high-strength concrete loaded at an early age (16 hours) and a normal age (28 days). The experiments were carried out on high-strength concrete with three types of aggregates (crushed gravel, granite, and limestone). The concretes were dried and loaded at ages of 16 hours and 28 days after casting. Loading levels with stress/strength ratios ranging from 0.15 to 0.70 were adopted in the experiments. The creep deformations were measured for a duration ranging from 90 to 210 days. The experimental results are compared in this paper with the predictions of CEB-FIP Model Code 1990, the modified MC90 model, and the model proposed by ACI Committee 209. The aging effect (in particular, at early ages) is emphasized and the influences of various factors on the aging effect are discussed.
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