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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: High Performance Lightweight Concrete--a Review
Author(s): T. W. Bremner and T. A. Holm
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 1-20
Keywords: aggregates; density (mass/volume); fire resistance; history; lightweight concretes; manufacturing; strength; thermal resistance; Materials Research
Abstract:The intrinsic nature of lightweight concrete is to produce a material which, in addition to having high strength, can also have high performance in severe service conditions. The reason for high performance is examined in light of physical, chemical, and mechanical properties of the vesicular aggregate used to produce lightweight concrete. The manufacturing process usually involves heating the aggregate to 1200 C which, in addition to rendering it more stable than conventional aggregates when concretes made from it are exposed to fire, also results in a less stiff aggregate inclusion that more closely matches the stiffness of the cement paste matrix. The use of less stiff aggregates results in a reduction in internal stress concentrations in the concrete which, in turn, leads to reduced microcracking. The role that this plays in enhancing the performance of this type of concrete is discussed in the paper. The special nature of lightweight concrete provides opportunities for design professionals. Recommendations on how best to achieve high performance concrete using lightweight aggregate are provided.
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