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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Reactivity of Aggregate Constituents in Alkali Solutions
Author(s): Leonard Bean and J. J. Tregoning
Publication: Journal Proceedings
Appears on pages(s): 37-52
Abstract:The relative order of reactivity of I2 types of aggregate constituents to alkali hydroxide solutions was determined by an accelerated test at 122 C, to as follows: opal, chalcedony, pitchstone, rhyol basalt, magnesite, obsidian., calcite, limestone, dolomite, microcline, and ol igoclase. T h e carbonates were more reactive to KOH than NaOH. The feld spars and glass bearing rocks were more susceptible to attack by NaOH. Reactivity to carbonate sulfate solutions was found to be negligible un the conditions chosen. Quantitative data on solubility of the materials in hydroxide and carbon solutions at 21 C are given. These agree with results of the accelerated test. These data shed Iion alkali reactivity under the conditions of laboratory tests used, but make no attempt to dict expansion of concrete on the basis of the tests alone.
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