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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Autoclave Curing of Concrete in Soviet Union and United States
Author(s): George L. Kalousek
Publication: Journal Proceedings
Appears on pages(s): 817-834
Keywords: autoclaved products, binders, compressive strength, frost resistance, curing, porosity, precast concrete, review, Soviet Union, steam curing, high pressure.
Abstract:The apparent differences in the autoclaved concrete industries in the Soviet Union and the United States are attributed to the different needs, raw material availabilities and end usage in the two countries. Drying and cracking of concrete masonry gave impetus to autoclave curing in the United States to alleviate the problem. In the Soviet Union, shortage of cement and abundance of calcareous and siliceous materials, and urgent need of housing were factors leading to high pressure steam curing on a big scale. The most important property after strength in the Soviet Union is resistance to frost deterioration and, in the United States, to shrinkage cracking. The Soviets are highly research orientated with considerable emphasis on fundementals.
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