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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Deflection of Prestressed Concrete Members
Author(s): Osama El-Shafey, Ian J. Jordaan,
and Robert E. Loov
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 421-450
Keywords: tion; envconcrete;
beams (supports); creep properties; creep tests; deflec- . . . ronments; live loads; parklng facilities; prestressed
Abstract:A set of measurements of time-dependent deflections of prestressed concrete members in a parking structure is presented. Time-dependent strains for field control specimens from the same concrete batch and subjected to the same environmental conditions as the members are given, together with results from control specimens stored in the laboratory. A comparison of these strains and those determined using CEB-FIP Recommendations and the ACI Committee 209 procedure is shown. The deflection of the members was predicted by means of a step-by-step finite element analysis using the strains from the field control specimens. In the analysis, the fact that the major part of creep is irreversible is recognized. Creep and shrinkage strains predicted using the two code procedures were substantially different from those recorded in the field (up to 2.25 times the recorded values). Part of this discrepancy can be attributed to the influence of the environmental conditions (particularly temperature) on creep and shrinkage strains, but the prediction methods themselves leave room for improvement. In spite of the disagreement between the field strains and those predicted by CEB-FIP Recommendations, the measured deflections were similar to those predicted from measured field control strains and to those predicted from CEB-FIP strains. The ACI Committee 209 procedure slightly overestimates the final deflection.
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