New, Novel Well-Cementing Polymer Concrete Composite


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Title: New, Novel Well-Cementing Polymer Concrete Composite

Author(s): A. N. Zeldin, L. E. Kukacka, and N. Carciello

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 69


Appears on pages(s): 73-92

Keywords: ; bonding; compressive strength* corrosion; aggregates;durability; energy; high temperature; monomers; or-ganic particle composites; permeability;

Date: 8/1/1981

The feasibility of using the products of free-radical copolymerization of cyclic and linear organosiloxanes in the formation of polymer concrete (PC) composites for use in the completion of geothermal wells has been demonstrated. The PC contained a mixture of tetramethylvinylcyclotetrasiloxane and polydimethylsiloxane used in conjunction with aggregate materials such as silica flour and portland cement. The use of these compounds resulted in composites with high strength and with thermal and hydrolytic stability. Thermogravimetric analyses and compression strength tests at elevated temperatures have been used to determine the thermal stability of the composites. The results from these studies indicate that over the temperature range 25 to 350°C, the compressive strength is essentially constant at a value of -72 MPa and there is also a relatively low weight loss of polymer (-1.0 wt%). The hydrolytic stability of the composites was determined by using infrared spectroscopy on a variety of free and bonded OH functional groups before and after the samples were exposed to a 25% brine solution at 300°C. These results showed that the inclusi on of various additives such as Ca or Mg compound inorgan i c phase affects the hydrothermal stability. s in the Pumpability tests were also performed, and the results indicated that a PC slurry containing 35.5 wt% organosiloxane mixed with 64.5 wt% silica flour and cement as an aggregate did not change viscosity at temperatures of 150° to 165OC and a pressure of 36.5 MPa for at least 4.5 hr. Increasing the temperature to 205OC resulted in increased viscosity after 4 hr. The results from these studies indicated that this system can be used as a geothermal well-completion material.