Effects of a New Generation of Superplasticizers on the Properties of Fresh Concrete

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Title: Effects of a New Generation of Superplasticizers on the Properties of Fresh Concrete

Author(s): J. Norberg, 0. Peterson and P. BillbergJ. Norberg, 0. Peterson and P. Billberg

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 173

Issue:

Appears on pages(s): 583-598

Keywords: Hardness; mortars (materials); rheological properties; slump tests; superplasticizers; troweling

Date: 9/1/1997

Abstract:
Different superplasticizers have been tested in order to evaluate their effect on concrete properties and to express concrete’s rheology in fundamental parameters such as yield stress and plastic viscosity. Measurements were made on concrete’s rheology with two different viscometers, one for mortar and one for concrete. Tests were also made using the more traditional slump cone. By using results from slump tests at different times after mixing, slump losses by means of time required to lose 30 mm of slump and time required to lose half the initial slump value were calculated. The time necessary before trowelling was also measured. Results show that viscosity-measurements on mortar give useful information about the fresh concrete’s properties, information that cannot be attained with the traditional methods, such as slump, spread, etc. The method of evaluating trowelling hardness very efficiently measures the admixture’s effects on retardation. Only those superplasticizers containing new types of acrylic and vinyl polymers show effects efficient enough to belong to the second generation.