Influence of Characteristics of Sulfonic Acid-Based Admixture on Interactive Force Between Cement Particles and Fluidity of Cement Paste

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Title: Influence of Characteristics of Sulfonic Acid-Based Admixture on Interactive Force Between Cement Particles and Fluidity of Cement Paste

Author(s): Hiroshi Uchikawa and Shunsuke Hanehara

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 173

Issue:

Appears on pages(s): 23-34

Keywords: Admixtures; adsorption; cement pastes; forces

Date: 9/1/1997

Abstract:
The relationships among the amounts of adsorption admixtures to cement particles, the interactive force between cement particles and the zeta potential of cement particle and the fluidity of cement paste prepared at the W/C ratio of 0.3 with lignin sulfonic acid-based admixture (LS), aminobenzene sulfonic acid-based admixture (AS) or melamine sulfonic acid-based admixture (MS) was studied in this paper, aiming at obtaining the basic data for elucidating the effects of the characters of sulfonic acid-based organic admixtures on the fluidity of concrete. The amount of adsorption of the sulfonic acid-based admixture by cement particles are logarithmically related to the molecular weight of the admixtures. The lower the molecular weight, the more the amount adsorbed are. The zeta potential of cement particle in cement paste depends upon the content of sulfonate group in the admixture and the adsorption state of admixture. The interactive force between cement particles are linearly related to the fluidity of cement paste. The steric repulsive force considerably contributes to the dispersion of particles even in the addition of sulfonic acid-based admixture which has been considered so far to disperse the particles mainly by the electrostatic repulsive force. The steric repulsive force is related to the molecular weight of the sulfonic acid-based admixture except AS. The rate of contribution of electrostatic repulsive force to the total repulsive force accounting for the interactive force correlates with the content of sulfonate group in the admixture. The reason why the action of AS is different from those of the other admixtures is probably because the adsorption state of AS is different from those of the others.