Assessing the Tightness of the Surface Layer of Concrete

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Title: Assessing the Tightness of the Surface Layer of Concrete

Author(s): M. Shoya, Y. Tsukinaga and S. Sugita

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 171

Issue:

Appears on pages(s): 589-606

Keywords: Air; permeabilty; tests; water; watertightness.

Date: 8/1/1997

Abstract:
Three specific in-situ tests to assess the air tightness and water tightness of the surface layer of concrete were examined. Test methods for the tightness are the rapid air permeability, the water absorption applying Figg’s method and the rapid water permeability by author’s method. In the experiments, specific parameters obtained in three different in-situ tests corresponded well to air permeability coefficient and coefficient of water diffusion in the firms indoor tests, and those parameters satisfactorily reflect the change in the tightness of the surface layer caused by the water to cement ratio, age of test and cement type. Those parameters changed when measured at a relatively high temperature. In conclusion, three test methods are promising for providing air tightness or water tightness of the surface layer of concrete . from the view points of the use of simple testing devices and convenient procedures.