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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Immobilization of Wastes by Metakaolin-Blended Cements
Author(s): J. Pera, E. Bonnin and M. Chabannet
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 997-1006
Keywords: blended cement; fly ash; latex; leaching; metakaolin; mortar.
Abstract:Metakaolin-blended cements were used to stabilize two kinds of wastes: municipal incinerator fly ash and latex waste coming from the carpet industry. The physical and chemical properties of wastes were investigated and mortars containing these wastes were cast. A blended cement containing 20 % metakaolin was utilized to immobilize the incinerator fly ash which was introduced as a sand substitute in mortars. Leaching tests and microstructural investigations were carried out as well as mechanical tests. The results obtained show that metakaolin plays a beneficial effect in the stabilization of chlorides contained in such fly ash. Cements containing from 10 to 30 % metakaolin were used to cast mortars, in which latex was introduced as a sand substitute. Metakaolin reacted with the calcite contained in the latex and the C3A of portland cement to form carboaluminate. Leaching tests showed a good immobilization of this waste.
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