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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Prediction of Dynamic Tensile Strength
Author(s): Jaap Weerheijm
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 215-240
Keywords: biaxial loads; concretes; dynamic loads; fracture properties; impact
tests; mathematical models; tensile strength
Abstract:The mechanical behaviour of concrete is based on the extension of present internal damage, the fracture process. To understand and predict the rate effect on material behaviour, the influence of dynamics on this fracture process should be considered. This idea was followed in the model developed at the TNO Prins Maurits Laboratory (TNO-PML). The damage extension in the real material was represented as crack extension in a fictitious fracture plane using the basic principles of Linear Elastic Fracture Mechanics (LEFM). This resulted in a good model prediction of the dynamic tensile strength, including the steep strength increase at high loading rates. The model clearly shows that inertia effects govern the mechanism of this steep increase. In this paper the various steps in the modeling process are described, specially focusing on the representation of the characteristic internal damage into a fictitious fracture plane. To illustrate the applicability of the approach it is presented in comparison to results of tensile tests with and without lateral compression.
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