In today’s market, it is imperative to be knowledgeable and have an edge over the competition. ACI members have it…they are engaged, informed, and stay up to date by taking advantage of benefits that ACI membership provides them.
Read more about membership
Become an ACI Member
Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
American Concrete Institute
38800 Country Club Dr.
Farmington Hills, MI
Chat with Us Online Now
Feedback via Email
Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Assessment of Diffusion Coefficient of Chloride Ions in Mortars Using Different Types of Binders
Author(s): N. Otsuki, M. Hisada, H. Minagawa, and S. Miyazato
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 107-122
Keywords: binders; fly ash; mortar; portland cement; silica fume; test
Abstract:Electro-migration and diffusion of ions in electrolyte solution are theoretically described by the Nemst-Plank equation. Also, electro-migration and diffusion of ion can be related by using the Einstein’s equation in dilute solution. In concrete, however, the relationship between electro-migration and diffusion is still unclear, for the influence of the concentrations in pore solution is unknown. Previous work of the authors has shown that it is possible to assess the diffusion coefficients of chloride ion in an ordinary Portland cement mortar through conduction tests by following the Nemst-Plank equation, Debye-Huckel theory and electro-neutrality. This paper evaluates the adaptability of this method to mortars made of several binders, such as ordinaly Portland cement, high-early strength Portland cement, sulfate-resistant Portland cement, low-heat Portland cement, Portland blast-furnace slag cement, ordinary Portland cement with fly ash, ordinary Portland cement with silica fume. In these cases, the concentrations of calcium, sodium, potassium, chloride, and hydroxide ions are different from that of the ordinary Portland cement case. Thus, the adaptability of this method is confirmed in mortar made of a wide range of binders.
Click here to become an online Journal subscriber