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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Enhancing Durability of Heat Cured Concrete with Novel Superplasticizers
Author(s): R. Khurana and A. G. Schmid
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 339-352
Keywords: curing; durability; ettringite; microcracking; superplasticizers
Abstract:Heat curing is very commonly used in the production of precast concrete elements to allow for a rapid demoulding and frequent reuse of the casting beds. Curing temperatures up to 70 degrees C are often used to obtain high early strengths from 30 to 55 MPa. at ages ranging from 6 to 16 hours. Heat curing may influence negatively the durability of the precast concrete elements in several ways such as strength loss, formation of micro cracks which are preferential paths for ingress of aggressive agents and delayed ettringite formation and subsequent cracking. This paper examines the use of novel polycarboxylic either base superplasticizers which allow for a high water reduction (up to 40%) in the concrete mix, in order to obtain high early strengths at curing temperatures considerably lower than those utilized at present and in some cases, eliminating the heat curing . Several case histories of applications in Europe are presented where the benefits of the low water-cement ratio of the concrete mixes, combined with a very high workability, contribute to enhance the durability of precast concrete structures.
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