Durability of Extruded Thin Sheet PVA Fiber Reinforced Cement Composites


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Title: Durability of Extruded Thin Sheet PVA Fiber Reinforced Cement Composites

Author(s): Penelope L. Burke and Surendra P. Shah

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 190


Appears on pages(s): 133-164

Keywords: durability; fiber-reinforced; freeze-thaw cy-cling; silica fume

Date: 4/1/2000

The durability of two extruded thin sheet PVA fiber reinforced cement composites were investigated. The baseline composition contained silica fume and the other replaced the silica fume in the baseline composition with OPC. Compositions were subjected to aging in a 50% relative humidity room, immersion in a 50?C waterbath, and exposure to freeze/thaw cycling. Samples were tested primarily in the saturated condition and less frequently in the dry condition. Strength and toughness values were obtained from 3-point flexural and notched tensile tests. The effects of aging, silica fume content, and testing condition were considered. Each composition, tested in both the saturated and dry conditions and tested for all types of aging, experienced similar trends: a decrease in flexural strength and flexural first crack stress, an increase in tensile strength and tensile first crack stress, and a decrease in toughness values. Although both the non-aged and aged specimens experienced fiber pull-out, the mechanism of bond failure appears to be different. The contribution of silica fume was not significant as far as durability is concerned. Strength increased with drying, and toughness generally decreased.