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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Experimental Study of Transfer and Development Length of Fiber Reinforced Polymer Prestressing Strands
Author(s): Z. Lu, T. E. Boothby, C. E. Bakis, and A. Nanni
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 781-790
Keywords: bond; development; fiber reinforced polymers; flexure; length; prestressing; strength
Abstract:An experimental study was conducted to determine the transfer length, development length and flexural behavior of fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) tendons in prestressed concrete beams. Three kinds of nominally 5/16 in (8 mm) diameter FRP tendons were included in the study: Carbon Leadline, Aramid Technora and Carbon Strawman. Thirty beams were pretensioned using a single FRP tendon. In addition, twelve control beams were pretensioned with a seven-wire steel strand (ST). Transfer length observations from this study were based on concrete strain measurements with a DEMEC gage system. Development length observations were based on three-point flexural tests. Four-point flexure tests were also performed on each material to gain additional understanding of the bond behavior between concrete and the PC reinforcing materials. The "95% average plateau strain" method of using concrete strain results was shown to be an effective way to determine transfer length. By using an appropriate flexural model and extrapolating results from over-reinforced tests to situations where the tendon would actually fail, it was possible to determine development length in this investigation. Despite differences in tendon material properties and prestressing forces, both the measured transfer lengths and the development lengths were almost identical for all tendon materials tested. The development length for FRP tendons was reasonably predicted by the ACI design equation, although transfer length appears to be underestimated.
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