In today’s market, it is imperative to be knowledgeable and have an edge over the competition. ACI members have it…they are engaged, informed, and stay up to date by taking advantage of benefits that ACI membership provides them.
Read more about membership
Become an ACI Member
Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
American Concrete Institute
38800 Country Club Dr.
Farmington Hills, MI
Chat with Us Online Now
Feedback via Email
Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Synergic Action of Fly Ash In TernaryMixtures of High-Performance Concrete
Author(s): G. C. Isaia
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 481-502
Keywords: Fly ash; high-strength concretes; pozzolans; silica fume
Abstract:The scope of this work is to quantify the synergic action of fly ash when mixed with other pozzolans, through the performance of microstructural and durability parameters of HPC. Eleven mixture proportions were tested with fly ash, rice husk ash and silica fume in binary and ternary mixtures, with cement substitution, in mass, from 10 to 50%. The following tests related to HPC durability were made: axial compression strength, elasticity modulus, shrinkage, total chloride content, Cl/OH ionic relationship, water penetration and accelerated carbonation. Some micro structural parameters were determined such as bound water, amount of C-S-H, remaining (C3S+C2S) and C-H. The results were calculated related tot the unitary mass of cement, compared to each other in compressive strength equality of 70 Mpa. Practically all the variables linked to the durability presented better performance in the ternary mixtures, than the arithmetic sums of the respective binary mixtures and this behavior is validated with micro structural evidence. It is suggested that the fly ash have a synergic action in ternary mixtures probably due to the higher dispersion of the cement grains, similar of plasticizing mixture action, resoling in additional nucleation sites and larger amounts of hydration products. A synergic action model of fly ash in ternary mixtures is provided.
Click here to become an online Journal subscriber