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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Axially Loaded High-Performance Concrete Columns With Steel Fibers
Author(s): A. E. P. Guimaraes, J. S. Giongo, and T. Takeya
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 463-480
Keywords: air-void system; blast furnace slag; compressive strength; freezing and thawing durability; high-performance concretes; silica fume; superplasticizer
Abstract:High-performance concrete (HPC) has been studied extensively at many research centres, because of its increasing use in reinforced concrete buildings. Since HPC is a brittle material, studies have been done to increase its ductility. Increases in longitudinal and /or transverse steel ratios can improve the ductility of HPC elements. The addition of fibres also increases the deformability and thus the ductility. Hence, the transverse steel ratio can be reduced by using fibres. This paper presents a study of axially loaded columns made with high-performance concrete containing steel fibres. The average compressive strength of the concrete was 80 Mpa. The volumetric ratios of fibres were: .25%; .50% and 1.00%, and the stirrup ratios were .55% and .82%. The longitudinal steel ratio was the same for all columns tests, the W/C was .37, 10% silica fume was added and it was also necessary to use about 3% superplasticizer to improve workability. A comparison was made between the results for columns in high-strength concrete with and without fibres. It was observed that only the cross-sectional core effectively contributed to the load capacity of the columns.
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