Title: Plane-Frame Analysis Applied to Slabs
Author(s): W. Gamble
Publication: Symposium Paper
Appears on pages(s): 119-130
Keywords: columns; frame method; lateral loads; slabs
The Equivalent Frame Method (EFM) of the ACI Code was developed when the predominate method of structural analysis was the Moment Distribution method. It was furthermore developed primarily for vertical loadings. While there exist special-purpose programs intended for slab analysis using the EFM, the purpose of this paper is to present a method of using the EFM approach with an ordinary plane-frame program. This can be accomplished for the vertical loading case by the use of a substitute moment of inertia, Iec, for the columns. For the lateral loading case, the beam which replaces the slab in the analysis has to have a reduced moment of inertia, with the reduction having two parts. One part is to reflect the state of cracking, with the second part being an "effective width" factor which depends on the panel shape.