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Title: Numerical and Empirical Models for Service Life Assessment of RC Structures in Marine Environment

Author(s): Xuandong Chen, Yang Ming, Feng Fu & Ping Chen

Publication: IJCSM

Volume: 16


Appears on pages(s):

Keywords: service life prediction, RC structures, chloride diffusion, critical chloride value, corrosion current density

DOI: 10.1186/s40069-022-00504-0

Date: 3/31/2022

The service life prediction of reinforced concrete (RC) structures in marine environment is essential in structural repair and health monitoring. In this paper, a numerical model for predicting the service life of reinforced concrete is first developed which considering the time-varying boundary of chloride concentration, critical chloride concentration and density of corrosion current. Based on the model, the effects of water–cement ratio, reinforcement diameter, concrete cover thickness and critical chloride ion concentration on the service life and deterioration duration of RC structures are investigated. The key factors affecting the service life of reinforced concrete structures are determined. More importantly, based on regression analysis, a new simplified empirical model for predicting the service life of RC structures is also developed. It provides a fast assessment tool for practical engineers. Both the numerical model and empirical model validated are suitable for practical engineering applications. The results show that with the increase of water–cement ratio, the service life of reinforced concrete structure decreases exponentially. And with the increase of the thickness of the concrete cover, the service life, deterioration duration, and safety reserve increase linearly. However, the influence of the diameter of the reinforcing bar on the service life can be ignored.