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Title: Carbonation Model and Prediction of Polyvinyl Alcohol Fiber Concrete with Fiber Length and Content Effects

Author(s): Zuyun Luo, Xinhua Yang, Heli Ji & Chuanchuan Zhang

Publication: IJCSM

Volume: 16


Appears on pages(s):

Keywords: polyvinyl alcohol fiber, concrete, accelerated carbonation experiment, carbonation model

DOI: 10.1186/s40069-022-00503-1

Date: 3/31/2022

Durability is an important aspect of reliability of concrete structures. In order to establish the carbonation model of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) fiber concrete including the influences of PVA fiber length and volume content, a series of accelerated carbonation experiments were carried out on the normal concrete specimens and PVA fiber concrete specimens with fiber lengths of 3 mm, 6 mm, 12 mm and 18 mm and fiber volume contents of 0.1%, 0.3%, 0.5%, 0.75%, 1.0% and 1.5%, respectively. The experimental conditions remained at temperature of 20 ℃, humidity of 70%, and carbon dioxide concentration of 20%. It was found that the addition of PVA fibers could improve the carbonation resistance of concrete considerably. Within the investigated range of fiber length and content, the carbonation resistance of concrete is first strengthened and then weakened with increasing PVA fiber length or content. The quadratic carbonation depth prediction model could characterize the influences of PVA fiber length and content better than the linear model. The carbon dioxide diffusion equation was established by introducing a PVA fiber influence factor and its parameters were determined from the carbonation depth prediction model. The carbonation process of PVA fiber concrete under the accelerated carbonation experiment condition was simulated. Both the model and the numerical method were validated by comparison between the experimental and numerical results. Finally, the influences of added PVA fibers on the carbonation life and durability of reinforced concrete components were further studied numerically. The results showed that compared with the normal concrete component, the durability of PVA fiber concrete components is significantly improved.