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Title: Distinguished Impact Response of Hollow Reinforced Concrete Beams under Impact Loading

Author(s): Thong M. Pham, Tin V. Do, and Hong Hao

Publication: Symposium Paper

Volume: 347


Appears on pages(s): 106-126

Keywords: Impact response; Concrete beam; Drop-weight tests; Numerical Simulation; Hollow beams; Shear Failure

DOI: 10.14359/51732660

Date: 3/1/2021


This study experimentally and numerically investigated the impact responses of reinforced concrete (RC) beams with a rectangular hollow section (HCB) in comparison with a rectangular solid section (SCB). Experimental tests of the two types of RC beams were firstly conducted under the drop-weight impact of a 203.5-kg-solid-steel projectile. Numerical models of the beams under impact loads were then developed in the commercial software namely LS-DYNA and carefully verified against the experimental results. The numerical models were then used to investigate the stress wave propagation in the two beams. The effect of the top flange depth, contact area, and impact velocity on the impact responses of the beams was also investigated. The experimental and numerical results in this study showed that although the two beams were designed with similar reinforcement ratio, their impact responses were considerably different, especially when the shear failure dominated the structural response. The HCB exhibited a smaller peak impact force but higher lateral displacement than the SCB when these beams were subjected to the same impact condition. Besides, more shear cracks were observed on the HCB while that of SCB has more flexural cracks. Furthermore, the decrease of the top flange depth of the hollow section and the increase of the impact velocity changed the failure modes of the two beams from flexural failure to shear failure with concrete scabbing. The change of the contact area also shifted the failure mode of the beam from global response to direct shear, inclined shear, punching shear and concrete scabbing at the top flange of the section close to the impact location.