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Title: A Computational Model for Prestressed Concrete Hollow-Core Slab Under Natural Fire

Author(s): R. Pečenko, T. Hozjan, I. Planinc and S. Bratina

Publication: IJCSM

Volume: 14


Appears on pages(s):

Keywords: prestressed hollow-core concrete slab, natural fire, bond stress-slip, hygro-thermo-chemical analysis, mechanical analysis, FEM

DOI: 10.1186/s40069-019-0373-9

Date: 1/31/2020

Performance-based approach, introducing a new two-phase computational model for determining the response of prestressed hollow-core concrete slab exposed to natural fire including heating and cooling phase, is presented. Firstly, the two-dimensional coupled hygro-thermo-chemical model is used to determine time dependent tempera-ture and moisture field in the characteristic cross-section of the concrete hollow-core slab during fire. In addition, the influence of opening on the temperature distribution over prestressed hollow-core concrete slab is accounted for. Secondly, stress–strain state of prestressed concrete hollow-core slab is determined with a newly developed one-dimensional geometrical and material non-linear model, which includes a slip between concrete and tendon. Temperature dependent mechanical properties of concrete, tendon and bond stiffness are accounted for in the model. Model validation showed that the presented two-phase computational model is suitable for the analysis of prestressed hollow-core concrete slab exposed to natural fire. Furthermore, parametric studies revealed that heat exchange between the concrete section and the opening has a significant influence on the development of tempera-tures in the slab, particularly in the cooling phase, and consequently also on the development of slab displacements. In addition, it was identified that accounting for the slip between concrete and tendon enables the determination of the bond stress distribution and evaluation of the load bearing capacity of the contact.