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Title: Shear Response under Reversed Cyclic Loading

Author(s): David M. Ruggiero, Evan C. Bentz, Gian Michele Calvi, and Michael P. Collins

Publication: Commentary Reference



Appears on pages(s): 1313-1324

Keywords: crack closing; crack slip; reinforced concrete; reversed cyclic loading; shear behavior; shell element tester


Date: 11/1/2016

A series of three shear panels with transverse reinforcing ratios ranging from 0.23 to 0.68% were tested to failure under reversed cyclic loading. All of the tests showed a reduction in strength of at least 20% with respect to predictions from reliable monotonic analyses. Extensive experimental results including strain distributions and cracking patterns were analyzed to explain this discrepancy, and it was determined that shear behavior under reversed cyclic conditions is not well captured by a single rotating crack model; rather, explicit consideration of both diagonal crack systems is required. This analysis has shown that the behavior can be rationally explained by considering the evolution of crack slip and crack closing hysteresis.