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Title: Effect of Sand Content on the Workability and Mechanical Properties of Concrete Using Bottom Ash and Dredged Soil-based Artificial Lightweight Aggregates

Author(s): Kyung‑Ho Lee, Keun‑Hyeok Yang , Ju‑Hyun Mun and Nguyen Van Tuan

Publication: IJCSM

Volume: 13


Appears on pages(s):

Keywords: lightweight aggregate concrete, density, bottom ash, dredged soil, mechanical properties, sand content, fib model

DOI: 10.1186/s40069-018-0306-z

Date: 1/31/2019

The objective of this study is to examine the workability and various mechanical properties of concrete using artificial lightweight aggregates produced from expanded bottom ash and dredged soil. Fifteen concrete mixes were clas‑ sified into three groups with regard to the designed compressive strengths corresponding to 18 MPa, 24 MPa, and 35 MPa. In each group, lightweight fine aggregates were replaced by using natural sand from 0 to 100% at an interval of 25%. Thus, the density of concrete ranged between 1455 and 1860 kg/m3. Based on the regression analysis using test data, a reliable model was proposed to clarify lower early‑age strength and higher long‑term strength gains of lightweight aggregate concrete (LWAC) when compared with the predictions of the fib model. The proposed model also indicates that a lower water‑to‑cement ratio is required with the decrease in the natural sand content to achieve the designed compressive strength of concrete. The partial use natural sand is favorable for enhancing the tensile resistance capacity, shear friction strength, and bond behavior with a reinforcing bar of LWAC. The fib model over‑ estimates direct tensile strength, bond strength and the amount of slip at the peak bond stress of LWAC. Therefore, it is necessary to consider the density of concrete as a critical factor in conjunction with its compressive strength to rationally evaluate the various mechanical properties of LWAC.