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Title: Composite Behaviour of Textile Reinforced Reactive Powder Concrete Sandwich Façade Elements

Author(s): Mathias Flansbjer,Natalie Williams Portal,Daniel Vennetti,Urs Mueller

Publication: IJCSM

Volume: 12


Appears on pages(s):

Keywords: reactive powder concrete (RPC), textile reinforced concrete (TRC), foam concrete (FC), sandwich elements, four-point bending test, finite element analysis (FEA)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s40069-018-0301-4

Date: 11/30/2018

Within the EC funded project smart elements for sustainable building envelopes, carbon textile reinforcement was incorporated into reactive powder concrete, namely textile reinforced reactive powder concrete (TRRPC), to addition-ally improve the post-cracking behaviour of the cementitious matrix. This high-performance composite material was included as outer and inner façade panels in prefabricated and non-load bearing sandwich elements along with low density foamed concrete (FC) and glass fibre reinforced polymer continuous connecting devices. Experiments and finite element analysis (FEA) were applied to characterize the structural performance of the developed sandwich elements. The mechanical behaviour of the individual materials, components and large-scale elements were quanti-fied. Four-point bending tests were performed on large-scale TRRPC-FC sandwich element beams to quantify the flexural capacity, level of composite action, resulting deformation, crack propagation and failure mechanisms. Optical measurements based on digital image correlation were taken simultaneously to enable a detailed analysis of the underlying composite action. The structural behaviour of the developed elements was found to be highly depend-ent on the stiffness and strength of the connectors to ensure composite action between the two TRRPC panels. As for the FEA, the applied modelling approach was found to accurately describe the stiffness of the sandwich elements at lower load levels, while describing the stiffness in a conservative manner after the occurrence of connector failure mechanisms.