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Title: Influence of the use of different types of beams and concrete grades in the design of optimized reinforced concrete building frames

Author(s): Payá-Zaforteza, I.; González Vidosa, F.; Yepes Piqueras, V.

Publication: ACHE

Volume: 59

Issue: 248

Appears on pages(s): 43 - 52

Keywords: Optimization, heuristic, structures, edification, reinforced concrete.

DOI:

Date: 1/3/2008

Abstract:
This paper uses the Simulated Annealing algorithm for the design of economically optimized reinforced concrete frames commonly used in building construction. The influence of the following factors is analyzed: a) the concrete compressive strength, b) the beams depth (same as the one of the floor slabs or higher) and c) the grouping of some of the design variables. The structures studied are two bays and eight floors frames, being the span length of 5 m. and the columns height of 3 m. The number of design variables of these problems varies between 101 and 153. Results show that the use of a single concrete grade (25 MPa) in the structure increases its cost only by 3.02%. If, besides some variables are grouped in order to increase the frame constructability, the optimized structure is only 0.52% more expensive. However, if, additionally, beams of the same depth as the floor slabs are used, the cost of the optimized structure increases by 41.69%.


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