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Title: Modeling the Fresh and Hardened Stage Properties of Self- Compacting Concrete using Random Kitchen Sink Algorithm

Author(s): Dhanya Sathyan, Kalpathy Balakrishnan Anand, Aravind Jaya Prakash, and Bhavukam Premjith

Publication: IJCSM

Volume: 12


Appears on pages(s):

Keywords: self compacting concrete, rheological properties of SCC, hardened properties of SCC, regularized least squares, random kitchen sink.

DOI: 10.1186/s40069-018-0246-7

Date: 3/30/2018

High performance concrete especially self compacting concrete (SCC) has got wide popularity in construction industry because of its ability to flow through congested reinforcement without segregation and bleeding. Even though European Federation of National Associations Representing for Concrete (EFNARC) guidelines are available for the mix design of SCC, large number of trials are required for obtaining an SCC mix with the desired engineering properties. The material and time requirement is more to conduct such large number of trials. The main objective of the study presented in this paper is to demonstrate use of regularized least square algorithm (RLS) along with random kitchen sink algorithm (RKS) to effectively predict the fresh and hardened stage properties of SCC. The database for testing and training the algorithm was prepared by conducting tests on 40 SCC mixes. Parametric variation in the SCC mixes were the quantities of fine and coarse aggregates, superplasticizer dosage, its family and water content. Out of 40 test results, 32 results were used for training and 8 set results were used for testing the algorithm. Modelling of both fresh state properties viz., flowing ability (Slump Flow), passing ability (J Ring), segregation resistance (V funnel at 5 min) as well as hardened stage property (compressive strength) of the SCC mix was carried out using RLS and RKS algorithm. Accuracy of the model was checked by comparing the predicted and measured values. The model could accurately predict the properties of the SCC within the experimental domain.