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Title: Evaluation on the Surface Modification of Recycled Fine Aggregates in Aqueous H2SiF6 Solution

Author(s): Hwa-Sung Ryu, Deuck-Mo Kim, Sang-Heon Shin, Seung-Min Lim, and Won-Jun Park

Publication: IJCSM

Volume: 12


Appears on pages(s):

Keywords: recycled aggregate, recycled fine aggregate, surface modification, hydrofluorosilicic acid, mortar.

DOI: 10.1186/s40069-018-0256-5

Date: 2/28/2018

Recycled aggregates (RAs) production techniques are essential for the material circulation society because RAs from demolished concrete waste can sustainably be reused as a concrete material. However, RAs can bring about several performance decreases when they are used for recycled aggregate concrete (RAC) because of the low qualities (i.e., high water-absorption rate and low density) caused by the attached hydrated cement paste on the RA surface. Therefore, both the production of high-quality RAs and the surface modification of RAs are significantly important for the extension of RAC utilization. This paper focuses on the surface modification of RFA to reduce the water absorption rate and increase density. Hydrofluorosilicic acid (H2SiF6), which is one of the by-products in phosphoric acid manufacture, is used herein for the surface modification of the RFA. The physical properties and mechanical performance of mortar using RFA were evaluated after RFA modification. Consequently, the proposed method is effective in reducing water absorption rate and increasing density of RFA. The density of RFAs was slightly increased by 0.5–2.6% after modification. On the other hand, the water absorption rate decreased by 4–18% after modification. The compressive strengths of mortar at 28 days ages showed 18.1 MPa with modified RFA and 16.2 MPa with RFA.