Implementation of High-Performance Fiber Reinforced Concrete Coupling Beams in High-Rise Core-Wall Structures
Remy Lequesne, Monthian Setkit, Cary Kopczynski, Joe Ferzli, Min-Yuan Cheng, Gustavo Parra-Montesinos, and James K. Wight
Appears on pages(s):
structural walls, coupled walls, coupling beams, shear, drift, fiber reinforced concrete, steel fibers, precast
Experimental and analytical studies that led to the incorporation of strain-hardening, high-performance fiber reinforced concrete (HPFRC) coupling beams in the design of a high-rise core-wall structure in Seattle, WA, are described. A total of eight HPFRC coupling beams with span-to-depth ratios ranging between 1.75 and 3.3 were tested under large displacement reversals. The tension and compression ductility of HPFRC materials allowed an approximately 70% reduction in diagonal reinforcement, relative to an ACI Building Code (318-08) compliant coupling beam design, in beams with a 1.75 span-to-depth aspect ratio and a total elimination of diagonal bars in beams with a 2.75 and 3.3 aspect ratio. Further, special column-type confinement reinforcement was not required except at the ends of the beams. When subjected to shear stress demands close to the upper limit in the 2008 ACI Building Code (0.83 f’c [MPa] (10 f’c [psi])), the coupling beams with aspect ratios of 1.75, 2.75 and 3.3 exhibited drift capacities of approximately 5%, 6% and 7%, respectively.
The large drift and shear capacity exhibited by the HPFRC coupling beams, combined with the substantial reductions in reinforcement and associated improved constructability, led Cary Kopczynski & Co. to consider their use in a 134 m (440 ft) tall reinforced concrete tower. Results from inelastic dynamic analyses indicated adequate structural response with coupling beam drift demands below the observed drift capacities. Also, cost analyses indicated 20-30% savings in material costs, in addition to much easier constructability and reduced construction time.