Fiber Reinforced Concrete of Enhanced Fire Resistance for Tunnel Segments


  • The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.

International Concrete Abstracts Portal


Title: Fiber Reinforced Concrete of Enhanced Fire Resistance for Tunnel Segments

Author(s): L.A.P Lourenco, J.A.O Barros, and J.G.A Alves

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 276


Appears on pages(s): 1-34

Keywords: Fire, high strength concrete, high temperatures, polypropylene fibers, precast tunnel segments, residual mechanical properties, steel fibers.

Date: 3/1/2011

In the last decades, technical and scientific efforts have been done to increase the concrete strength, based on the assumption that more economic, lightweight, durable and good looking structures can be built. This strength enhancement, however, has been obtained by increasing the compactness of the concrete internal structure, resulting concretes with voids of smaller size, and lower connectivity than in concretes of current strength classes. Research and fire accidents have shown that the concrete failure of structures exposed to fire is as explosive as high is the concrete strength class, since the restrictions for the escape of water vapor from the interior of concrete increase with the concrete compressive strength. In the present work a fiber reinforced concrete of enhanced fire resistance is developed and its properties are characterized by experimental research. This concrete is intended to have enough strength for concrete precast tunnel segments, while the performance of the fibrous reinforcement system is evaluated in terms of verifying its possibilities for replacing, partially or totally, conventional reinforcement used in these structural elements.