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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Improving the Plastic Shrinkage Cracking Resistance of Self-Consolidating Concrete with Fiber Addition
Author(s): Dean Forgeron and Jean Francois Trottier
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 1-14
Keywords: Plastic Shrinkage Cracking, Self-Consolidating Concrete, Self-Fibrillating Macro-Synthetic Fibers, workability.
Abstract:Self-consolidating concrete has become an important material in the concrete construction industry, however the modifications required to produce self-consolidating concrete (SCC) can significantly increase its susceptibility to cracking. This is an important durability issue when SCC is considered for use in reinforced concrete marine and highway structures.
A common method of increasing the resistance of concrete to cracking is the addition of discrete monofilament macro-synthetic fiber reinforcement. However, the addition of fibers to SCC has the negative effect of reducing its self-consolidating characteristics. An experimental program was conducted to investigate the mixture modifications required to maintain the self-compactability of SCC with the addition of various rates between 0.2% and 0.4% by volume (1.8kg/m3 (3.0 lbs/yd3) - 3.6kg/m3 (6.0 lbs/yd3)) of a commercially available monofilament self-fibrillating macro-synthetic fiber. The effect of fiber addition rate on the plastic shrinkage resistance of SCC was also evaluated.
The addition of fiber volume fractions ranging from 0.2% to 0.4% by volume were easily incorporated into several SCC mixtures (w/c =0.4, 0.42, 0.45) with adjustments made to the coarse/fine aggregate ratio and high range water reducer dosage rates. Interestingly, the addition of as little as 0.2% by volume of the monofilament self-fibrillating macro-synthetic fiber resulted in a 44.6% decrease in plastic shrinkage cracking area, when compared to its unreinforced counterpart, while also reducing the maximum observed crack widths by 43%. The addition of a higher fiber dosage (0.4% by volume) resulted in as much as a 70.4% reduction in cracking area and a 62% reduction in maximum crack widths for SCC mixtures with w/c ratios ranging from 0.4 to 0.45. From this study, it can be concluded that monofilament self-fibrillating macro-synthetic fiber reinforcement can be successfully incorporated into an SCC mixture to significantly increase its resistance to plastic shrinkage cracking while maintaining the workability expected from this type of concrete.
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