Engineering Properties of Alkali-Activated Natural Pozzolan Concrete

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Title: Engineering Properties of Alkali-Activated Natural Pozzolan Concrete

Author(s): Dali Bondar, Cyril J. Lynsdale, Neil B. Milestone, Nemat Hassani, and Ali Akbar Ramezanianpour

Publication: Materials Journal

Volume: 108

Issue: 1

Appears on pages(s): 64-72

Keywords: alkali-activated binder; geopolymer cement; geopolymer concrete; natural pozzolan

Date: 1/1/2011

Abstract:
The development of alkali-activated binders with superior engineering properties and longer durability has emerged as an alternative to ordinary portland cement (OPC). It is possible to use alkali-activated natural pozzolans to prepare environmentally friendly geopolymer cement leading to the concept of sustainable development. This paper presents a summary of an experimental work that was conducted to determine mechanical strength, modulus of elasticity, ultrasonic pulse velocity, and shrinkage of different concrete mixtures prepared with alkali-activated Iranian natural pozzolans—namely Taftan andesite and Shahindej dacite, both with and without calcining. Test data were used for Taftan pozzolan to identify the effects of water-binder ratios (w/b) and curing conditions on the properties of the geopolymer concrete, whereas the influence of material composition was studied by activating Shahindej pozzolan both in the natural and calcined states. The results show that alkali-activated natural pozzolan (AANP) concretes develop moderate-to-high mechanical strength with a high modulus of elasticity and a shrinkage much lower than with OPC.