Experience with Self-Consolidating High-Performance Fiber-Reinforced Mortar and Concrete

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Title: Experience with Self-Consolidating High-Performance Fiber-Reinforced Mortar and Concrete

Author(s): W.C. Liao, S.H. Chao, and A. E. Naaman

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 274

Issue:

Appears on pages(s): 79-94

Keywords: fiber-reinforced concrete; high performance; HPFRCC; life cycle; self-compacting; self-consolidating, SCC; strain hardening.

Date: 10/1/2010

Abstract:
Self-consolidating high performance fiber reinforced cementitious composites (SC-HPFRCC) combine the self-consolidating property of self-consolidating concrete (SCC) in their fresh state, with the strain-hardening and multiple cracking characteristics of high- performance fiber-reinforced cement composites (HPFRCC) in their hardened state. Two different classes of SC-HPFRCC are briefly introduced in this paper: concrete based and mortar based. They all contain 30 mm long steel fibers in volume fractions of 1.5% and 2%, and exhibit strain- hardening behavior in tension. These mixtures are highly flowable, non-segregating and can spread into place, fill the formwork, and encapsulate the reinforcing steel in typical concrete structures. Six concrete based SC-HPFRCC mixtures, with compressive strengths ranging from 35 to 66 MPa (5.1 to 9.6 ksi), were successfully developed by modifying SCC mixtures recommended in previous studies and using the available local materials. Spread diameter of the fresh concrete based SC-HPFRCC mixtures measured from the standard slump flow test was approximately 600 mm (23.6 in.). Strain-hardening characteristics of the hardened composites were ascertained from direct tensile tests. Three mortar based SC-HPFRCC mixtures with 1.5% steel fiber content were also developed and exhibited average compressive strengths of 38, 50 and 106 MPa (5.5, 7.2 and 15.3 ksi), respectively. Recent structural large scale laboratory applications (structural wall, coupling beams, panels etc.) made of SC-HFPRCC have demonstrated the applicability of these mixtures.