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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Comparison of Methods for Texture Assessment of Concrete Surfaces
Author(s): Pedro Miguel Duarte Santos and Eduardo Nuno Brito Santos Julio
Publication: Materials Journal
Appears on pages(s): 433-440
Keywords: bond; interface; laser scanning; roughness; sand patch test; strength; surface; texture
Abstract:The bond strength of the interface between concrete layers cast at different times is important to ensure the monolithic behavior of reinforced concrete (RC) composite members. The roughness of the substrate surface has a significant influence in this scope. Current design codes use a qualitative approach based on visual inspection to assess roughness. This procedure is highly dependent on the designer and, therefore, can lead to inaccurate results. Previous studies conducted by the authors proved that it is possible to use a quantitative criterion to classify roughness. This paper describes an experimental study conducted to compare four roughness quantification methods: the processing of the digital image (PDI) and the two-dimensional (2D) laser roughness analyzer (2D-LRA) methods, both developed by the authors; an upgrade of these, using a three-dimensional (3D) laser scanner; and the sand patch test (SPT), a simple and widespread method. The 2D-LRA proved to be the best from the four methods considered because it gives a quantitative assessment of the roughness with adequate accuracy, is nondestructive, easy and fast to use, and is cost effective.
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