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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Field Application and Monitoring of Crack Resistant Fiber-Reinforced Concrete Overlays
Author(s): R. Gupta, N. Banthia, and P. Dyer
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 123-138
Keywords: cracking; fiber-reinforced concrete (FRC); overlays; restrained plastic shrinkage; slab-on-grade; synthetic fiber.
Abstract:Water loss from concrete results in volumetric shrinkage, which is significant at early ages. This shrinkage is particularly pronounced when the surface to volume ratio is large of the placements. Fibers, especially synthetic fibers are known to reduce cracking induced due to restrained plastic shrinkage. However, few studies have been conducted to monitor the early-age shrinkage of fiber reinforced concrete (FRC) using embedded sensors in the field. This study involved developing crack resistant FRC material in the laboratory using the bonded overlay technique developed at UBC and using it for a field project. Results from a plain concrete slab-on-grade section and a high volume fly-ash placement were used for comparison with fiber-reinforced concrete (FRC). Three sections were cast using synthetic fiber and their performance was monitored by reading strain signals from embedded sensors. Both traditional (electrical) and state of the art optical sensors were used. Optical sensors registered low strain values due to lack of bond with concrete. On the contrary, traditional electrical sensors clearly demonstrated the reduction in strain in FRC when compared to plain and fly-ash concrete. Specimens were cast on site for conducting tests in the laboratory. In addition, nondestructive tests were conducted on-site for monitoring performance of the slabs. These results are also presented in this paper.
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