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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Design for Avoiding Damage Due to Carbonation-Induced Corrosion
Author(s): P. J. Parrott
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 283-298
Keywords: carbonation; compressive strength; concretes; corrosion; cover; curing; humidity; permeability; service life; structural design; Structural Research
Abstract:A design method for avoiding damage due to carbonation-induced corrosion of steel reinforcement in concrete is described. It accounts for the initiation period, during which a carbonation front penetrates the cover concrete, and a propagation period, during which the reinforcement corrodes and produces visible cracking of the concrete. The initiation period is controlled by diffusion of carbon dioxide through the carbonated concrete and is dependent upon the depth of cover, the gas permeability of the carbonated cover concrete, and the quantity of cement hydrate available to buffer the carbonation reaction. The rates of carbonation and reinforcement corrosion are dependent upon the relative humidity within the cover concrete. Estimates of carbonation depth give a reasonable upper bound to a wide range of field measurements. Corrosion rates are estimated on the basis of an upper bound to a range of published laboratory and field data. A sensitivity analysis showed that the main factors influencing the choice of concrete quality were the exposure conditions, depth of cover, and the notional service life: the effects of curing period and cement type were less significant. Estimates of concrete quality for selected combinations of exposure, cover, and service life were compatible with those being considered for European codes and standards. The design method can be used to examine alternative combinations of cover, concrete quality, cement type, and curing period for providing a given notional service life under selected exposure conditions.
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