Review of Masonry Construction in Columbia


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Title: Review of Masonry Construction in Columbia

Author(s): L. E. Garcia and L. E. Yamin

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 147


Appears on pages(s): 283-306

Keywords: buildings; confined masonry; construction; reinforced masonry; unreinforced masonry;earthquake-resistant structures; inspection; masonry; research; standards; strengthening; structural design; General

Date: 9/1/1994

A review of the use of masonry in Columbia is presented. The importance of masonry construction is emphasized. The masonry structural systems prevalent in the country are discussed. A description of the materials employed in masonry construction in Columbia is given, including physical and mechanical properties. Reinforced masonry, confined masonry, unreinforced masonry, and nonstructural uses of masonry are discussed. Recent damaging Columbian earthquakes are presented. The behavior of masonry structures during these earthquakes, as well as their influence on the requirements of the Columbian Building Code, are given. The empirical design permitted by the code is indicated. Construction and inspection practice are briefly outlined. The procedures for evaluating and strengthening masonry structures are addressed. Past and current research on masonry is highlighted.