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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Evaluation of Dampproofing Performance and Effective Penetration Depth of Silane Sealers in Concrete
Author(s): P. D. Carter
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 95-118
Keywords: bridge decks; chlorides; corrosion; parking facilities; penetration tests; permeability; sealers; silane; waterproofing; Structural Research
Abstract:Penetrating concrete sealers are often used on highway bridges and parking structures to slow down the rate of chloride-related reinforcing steel corrosion, thereby extending service life and reducing life-cycle structure costs. Silane sealers are the type most commonly used and are evaluated. Presents data on the effects of several variables on the resultant dampproofing performance and penetration depth. These variables include substrate conditions that influence sealer penetration depth, total active silane content, and the effects of subsequent silane retreatments. The Alberta Transportation and Utilities (AT&U) sealer evaluation methods that are used to measure dampproofing performance and effective penetration depth are described. Data show that the permeability of modern high-quality, low-permeability concretes can be significantly improved by silane sealers, whereas porous, high water-cement ratio concretes may be more effectively sealed by barrier coatings that seal the surface of porous concrete and do not penetrate. The concept and method of measuring the effective penetration depth is explained. Increasing the concentration of the active silane in a penetrating sealer improves both the effective penetration depth and the overall dampproofing performance on modern, good-quality concrete. Periodic resealing of the concrete with lower concentrations of silane results in a similar effect. Resealing can be successfully done through the previously sealed surface without expensive methods of surface preparation as long as the surfaces are clean and dry.
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