High-Ductility, High-Strength Lightweight Aggregate Concrete


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Title: High-Ductility, High-Strength Lightweight Aggregate Concrete

Author(s): Dale E. Berner

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 136


Appears on pages(s): 319-344

Keywords: beams (supports); composite construction; ductility; stirrups; high-strength concretes; lightweight aggregate concretes; prisms; punching shear; Structural Research

Date: 1/1/1993

Presents information regarding highly confined, high-strength lightweight aggregate (LWA) concrete specimens, tested as part of a proprietary research program for which Phase I results have recently been released. The program specifically investigated the ultimate and post-ultimate behavior of members designed to resist high-intensity bending/punching shear loads, such as those imparted by massive ice features against offshore oil/gas platforms. Two special steel confining systems were utilized to confine the high-strength (compressive strengths nominally between 8000 and 9000 psi) LWA concrete; these were T-headed stirrup bars for use in reinforced concrete, and overlapping button-headed studs for use in plate-steel/concrete/plate-steel sandwich composites. These two confining systems both allowed the LWA concrete to exhibit extreme ductility prior to failure. Flexural, deflection, and ductility factors of over 40, and axial compressive strains of over 8 percent, were achieved, while maintaining essentially 100 percent of the ultimate capacity of the test specimens The tests were performed on 1- to 3.5-scale specimens, using a 4 million-lb capacity testing machine. Three approximately 16 x 16 x 42-in. prisms--two of reinforced concrete and one of sandwich composite concrete--were tested in axial compression. Also, four continuous beam specimens (one reinforced concrete and three sandwich composite concrete) were tested in bending/punching shear. These beam specimens were approximately 153 in. long, 36 in. wide, and had effective depths of approximately 13 in. Nonlinear finite element analyses of the beam specimens were also performed as part of the study.