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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Ten Year Exposure Test of Precracked Reinforced Concrete in a Marine Environment
Author(s): K. Sakai and S. Sasaki
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 353-370
Keywords: Carbonation; chloride ions; corrosion; corrosion resistance; crackinq ffrocturinq); deformed reinforcement; epoxy resins; exposure; marine atmospheres; rebars; reinforced concrete; tests
Abstract:This paper describes the results of a ten-year marine exposure test of reinforced concrete. Sixteen pre-cracked test specimens were examined. The target crack width was 0.2mm. The dimensions of the specimens were 15x15x100cm. Ordinary deformed bars and epoxy-coated deformed bars, as well as normal portland cement and portland blast-furnace slag cement were used. The water-cement ratio in the mixture proportions ranged from 0.320I to 0.483%. The effect of nitrite-based corrosion inhibitor was also examined. From the exposure test results, the following conclusions were drawn: When the water-cement ratio was low, the penetration of chloride ions into the concrete was low; the chloride-ion content on the surface of blast-furnace slag cement concrete was greater than on the surface of concrete made with ordinary cement, but was smaller inside; there was a tendency for the chloride-ion content around the reinforcing bars in concrete portions with small cracks to be greater than in portions with large cracks; ten years of exposure caused an increase in crack width due to the corrosion of the reinforcing bars; although the effectiveness of epoxy-coated reinforcing bars in preventing corrosion was obvious, severe corrosion was found in one coated bar. The epoxy-coated bars used were produced for the first time in Japan, and test results indicate that there were problems with the early production technology; there was no beneficial effect from corrosion inhibitor after ten years.
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