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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Roles of Silica Fume, Slag, and Fly Ash in the Development of High-Performance Concrete Microstructure
Author(s): S. L. Sarkar
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 449-460
Keywords: admixtures; aggregates; calcium oxides; C-S-H; fly ash; high-performance concretes; hydration; microstructure; pastes; silica fume; slags; Materials Research
Abstract:The combined use of chemical and mineral admixtures has resulted in a new generation of concrete called high-performance concrete (HPC). Understanding the roles of mineral admixtures, such as silica fume, fly ash, and slag depends on in-depth microstructural investigation of HPC at different ages. What is of major interest concerning these materials is their contrasting hydraulic behavior. Whereas silica fume and fly ash are pozzolanic, slag is strictly cementitious. The early strength of concrete increases when silica fume is incorporated, but the activity of slag and fly ash starts much later, and therefore, manifestation of changes in concrete properties, such as strength enhancement, also appears to be delayed. It is in this light that the roles of these admixtures, both individually and in combination, are described in terms of the development of HPC moisture.
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